Xiaoming Hu, MD

  • Associate Professor

Dr. Xiaoming Hu's main research interest is to investigate the mechanism of post-stroke immune regulation and explore immunotherapeutic strategy to improve stroke outcomes. One of her research directions is to uncover the mechanisms of microglia/macrophage responses after stroke and to explore how different microglia/macrophage phenotypes influence the outcomes after brain injuries. Her other areas of interest are to explore the protective role of regulatory T cells in ischemic stroke and to develop immunotherapy to promote brain protection including white matter protection after stroke. 

Education & Training 

  • MD, Beijing Medical University, Beijing, China, Maternal and Child Health
  • MS, China-Japan Friendship Institute of Medical Science, Beijing, China, Immunology
  • PhD, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas, Neuroscience

Specialized Areas of Clinical, Research and/or Educational Interests 

  • Research: Neuroscience, stroke, neuroinflammation, microglia, immunotherapy 

Professional Organization Membership

  • Society for Neuroscience
  • American Heart Association
  • International Society for Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

Honors & Awards

  • Young Investigator Educational Enhancement Award, 2004, American Society for Neurochemistry
  • IRTA Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2006-2008 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • NIH Fellows Award of Research Excellence (FARE), 2008
  • 2nd prize winner of the 2016 Stroke Progress and Innovation Award, 2017, International Stroke Conference (ISC)
  • Stroke rehabilitation award, 2019, International Stroke Conference (ISC)

Selected Publications

Cai W, Dai X, Chen J, Zhao J, Xu M, Zhang L, Yang B, Zhang W, Rocha M, Nakao M, Shi Y, Stetler RA, Hu X, Chen J. STAT6/Arg1 Promotes Microglia/Macrophage Efferocytosis and Inflammation Resolution in Stroke Mice. JCI Insight. 2019 Oct 17;4(20).

Zhang Q, Zhu W, Xu F, Dai X, Shi L, Cai W, Mu H, Hitchens TK., Foley LM., Liu X, Yu F, Chen J, Shi Y, Leak RK, Gao Y, Chen J, Hu X The interleukin-4/PPARγ signaling axis promotes oligodendrocyte differentiation and remyelination after brain injury. Plos Biology. 2019. 17(6):e3000330 

Zhang H, Xia Y, Ye Q, Yu F, Zhu W, Li P, Wei Z, Yang Y, Shi Y, Thomson AW, Chen J, Hu X. In Vivo Expansion of Regulatory T Cells with IL-2/IL-2 Antibody Complex Protects against Transient Ischemic Stroke. J Neurosci. 2018 Nov 21;38(47):10168-10179. 

Mao L, Li P, Zhu W, Cai W, Liu Z, Wang Y, Luo W, Stetler RA, Leak RK, Yu W, Gao Y, Chen J, Chen G, Hu X. Regulatory T cells ameliorate tissue plasminogen activator-induced brain hemorrhage after stroke. Brain. 2017 Jul 1;140(7):1914-1931. 

Yang Y, Liu H, Zhang H, Ye Q, Wang J, Mao L, Zhu W, Xiao B, Lu B, Chen J, Hu X. ST2/IL-33-Dependent Microglial Response Limits Acute Ischemic Brain Injury. J Neurosci. 2017 May 3;37(18):4692-4704.